Some data

NomKL-Natzweiler, Germanisation of Natzwiller
Classificationcategory III (one of the most severe)
Location60 km from Strasbourg, Alsace, France
Area of the camp4.5 hectares
Altitude800 metres
north-east, on a 20% slope
in summer: high temperatures, no shade from the sunshine
in Autumn: frequent rains, dense fog
in winter: icy wind, temperatures between -10° and -20°, 1m50 of snow
Deportees' arrival railway stationRothau, 8 km
Distance from the quarry1 km
Distance from the gas chamber1.5 km
Means of accessthe road built by the detainees
Number of nationalities represented± 30
Number of detainees in the central camp + camp annexes± 52,000
Number of dead± 22,000
Mortality rate40%
Normal population of the central camp± 2,000 deportees
Peak numbers in the central camp± 7,000 deportees
Numbers per hut150 to 250 deportees
Numbers per hut in peak periods650 to 750 deportees
Shortest internment time1 day
Longest internment time3 years and 6 months (42 months)
Average internment time in the campbetween 1 and 6 months
Youngest deportee in the campaged 11
Oldest deportee in the campaged 78
Average age20
Uniform1 shirt, 1 pair of trousers, 1 jacket, 1 pair of wooden flip-flops – often striped pyjamas or old civilian clothes from other camps
Foodbreakfast: 1 ladle of "coffee"
later in the morning: on the work site, 1 thin slice of black bread and 1 thin slice of sausage
lunch: swede turnip or cabbage soup
soir : 1 piece of black bread
Once a week: 50g of marmelade
Number of blocksin 1944, 17 blocks
15 wooden blocks: 6 dormitories, 5 for the infirmery, 1 for typhus patients, 1 office, 1 kitchen, 1 quarantine;
2 cement-wall blocks: 1 cell block (20 cells and 12 solitary confinement cells) and 1 crematorium block
Area of the blocks 12.50 m wide, 44 m long
Layout of the dormitory blocksrectangular space divided into two wings, one holding the refectory with 12 tables; the other holding bunk beds on 3 levels, plus a separate bedroom for the kapo. In the centre, two wash-basins and toilets
8 watchtowers10m high, 3m30 wide, 3m40 long (12 sq m) equipped with powerful swivel projector lamps
Barbed wire fences- double enclosure of electrified barbed wire, 3m high, around the camp, 380 Volts
- a third enclosure around the security perimeter marked off the forbidden area
Staffing of the camp- 5 commandants between 1941 and 1944
- 1 garrison of SS Totenkopf ("Skulls")
- about 80 men, officers, non-commissioned officers and troopers
- sentinels armed with machine guns on top of each watchtower