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Some data

     

Nom

KL-Natzweiler, Germanisation of Natzwiller

Classification

category III (one of the most severe)

Location

60 km from Strasbourg, Alsace, France

Area of the camp

4.5 hectares

Altitude

800 metres

Facing

north-east, on a 20% slope

Climate

in summer: high temperatures, no shade from the sunshine
in Autumn: frequent rains, dense fog
in winter: icy wind, temperatures between -10° and -20°, 1m50 of snow

Deportees' arrival railway station

Rothau, 8 km

Distance from the quarry

1 km

Distance from the gas chamber

1.5 km

Means of access

the road built by the detainees

Number of nationalities represented

± 30

Number of detainees in the central camp + camp annexes

± 52,000

Number of dead

± 22,000

Mortality rate

40%

Normal population of the central camp

± 2,000 deportees

Peak numbers in the central camp

± 7,000 deportees

Numbers per hut

150 to 250 deportees

Numbers per hut in peak periods

650 to 750 deportees

Shortest internment time

1 day

Longest internment time

3 years and 6 months (42 months)

Average internment time in the camp

between 1 and 6 months

Youngest deportee in the camp

aged 11

Oldest deportee in the camp

aged 78

Average age

20

Uniform

1 shirt, 1 pair of trousers, 1 jacket, 1 pair of wooden flip-flops – often striped pyjamas or old civilian clothes from other camps

Food

breakfast: 1 ladle of "coffee"
later in the morning: on the work site, 1 thin slice of black bread and 1 thin slice of sausage
lunch: swede turnip or cabbage soup
soir : 1 piece of black bread
Once a week: 50g of marmelade

Number of blocks

in 1944, 17 blocks
15 wooden blocks: 6 dormitories, 5 for the infirmery, 1 for typhus patients, 1 office, 1 kitchen, 1 quarantine;
2 cement-wall blocks: 1 cell block (20 cells and 12 solitary confinement cells) and 1 crematorium block

Area of the blocks

12.50 m wide, 44 m long

Layout of the dormitory blocks

rectangular space divided into two wings, one holding the refectory with 12 tables; the other holding bunk beds on 3 levels, plus a separate bedroom for the kapo. In the centre, two wash-basins and toilets

8 watchtowers

10m high, 3m30 wide, 3m40 long (12 sq m) equipped with powerful swivel projector lamps

Barbed wire fences

- double enclosure of electrified barbed wire, 3m high, around the camp, 380 Volts
- a third enclosure around the security perimeter marked off the forbidden area

Staffing of the camp

- 5 commandants between 1941 and 1944
- 1 garrison of SS Totenkopf ("Skulls")
- about 80 men, officers, non-commissioned officers and troopers
- sentinels armed with machine guns on top of each watchtower

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