Glossary

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ACHTUNG!

Attention! Whenever an S.S. man arrived, entered or left a place a deportee had to shout “Achtung!” and the other deportees had to stand at attention.

AFRIKA KORPS

The Wehrmacht's 5th Motorised Division, called the Afrika Korps, was commanded by General Erwin Rommel and sent to Africa in January 1941 to fight with the Italian army against the British, who had entered Libya that month. In the spring of 1942 the 1st Free French Division (1e DFL), commanded by General Koenig, fought the Afrika Korps at Bir-Hakeim.

AMGOT

Allied Military Government of Occupied Territory. Planned interim government (in charge of administration, including issuing of currency) of European territories liberated by the Allies. It was not imposed on France in 1944 in recognition of the provisional government led by General de Gaulle (GPRF).

AMT

Office, administration, a word recurring in Nazi terminology.

ANSCHLUSS

Hitler invaded Austria on the night of 11 to 12 March 1938. He deposed Chancellor Schuschnigg, replaced him with the Nazi Seyss-Inquart and proclaimed Austria a German province. The annexation (Anschluss) violated the Treaty of Versailles, which prohibited it, and ran counter to the wishes of Italy, Germany's ally.

AO

Action ouvrière, or “worker's action”. At first an extension of the Combat movement in the urban working classes, AO because an active instrument of industrial sabotage and kept an organizational position in the MUR but cooperated closely with trade unionists and Socialist and Communist workers

APPELPLATZ

Roll call square. Called Lagerplatz in some camps.

ARBEIT MACHT FREI

“Work makes you free”, a sarcastic slogan that the Nazis displayed at the entrance to concentration camps. The deportees worked 12 hours a day for the German war effort.

ARBEITSLAGER

Labour camp. Not necessarily a concentration camp.

ARBEITSSTATISTIK

Labour office. It implemented S.S. plans for the organisation of labour, planned transports, set up new commandos and kept the list of all the commandos dependant on the camp up to date. Its head was the S.S. Arbeitsdienstführer.